Through recycling, waste plastics can be turned into valuable new materials, which can then be used in new products. The goal of recycling is to reduce the volume of waste and to recover valuabe materias to return them to the material cycle order to conserve resources.
At the EU level, the so-called "plastic tax" came into force on January 1, 2021. Since then, member states of the European Union have been paying a monthly levy on non-recycled packaging waste.
But what is the background to this tax? What are the underlying goals and how high are the levies in reality? Are there any alternatives?